How Does Neurofeedback Therapy Help Improve Brain Function?

How Does Neurofeedback Therapy Help Improve Brain Function?

Neurofeedback therapy, also known as EEG biofeedback, neurofeedback treatment or brain mapping therapy, is a powerful technique that utilizes advanced technology to monitor and train brainwave activity. By providing real-time feedback to the individual, neurofeedback therapy aims to improve brain function and promote overall well-being. In this blog, we will explore the fundamental principles of neurofeedback treatment and its potential benefits.

Understanding Neurofeedback Therapy

Neurofeedback is a learning-based, non-invasive therapy modality that helps clients receive real-time feedback about their brain activity. It falls under the category of biofeedback, a mind-body technique that aims to give patients voluntary control over body functions that are typically less consciously controlled (like heart rate, muscle contractions, or brainwaves). Devices that can pick up on the body’s signals (like electrical activity, skin conductance, heart rate, breathing rate, etc) are used in biofeedback to show the patient physiological processes taking place in their body. By paying attention to how the body feels and functions, it becomes easier to manage reactions and responses. Neurofeedback therapy shows patients how their brains are functioning and helps them change learned patterns of brain activity that are less helpful to their daily needs. Clients can gradually develop the ability to identify specific brain states, then learn to mimic desired states, like relaxation, or stay away from undesirable states, like agitation, in their daily lives.
This method uses electroencephalographic (EEG) technology to monitor brainwave activity. When brain cells (neurons) communicate, they send electrical signals which are acquired using sensors that are attached to the scalp during this painless test. These tiny electrical signals are amplified by an amplifier and then run through a computer program to convert into information that your therapist is able to read. A therapist with extensive training then interprets the data. The assessment and therapy are both completed in a clinic setting.

The feedback loop mechanism

The real-time brainwave data feedback loop mechanism is an exciting idea that enables people to learn about their own brain activity and affect their own mental state. This mechanism is based on the real-time recording and analysis of brainwave patterns using cutting-edge technologies like electroencephalography (EEG).

The first step in the procedure involves acquiring brainwave data using electrodes or sensors affixed to the patient’s scalp. These sensors pick up the electrical signals that the brain generates and send them to a computer for processing. Advanced algorithms and software are then used to analyze the processed data in order to find and monitor patterns, frequencies, and different states of brain activity. By training over time, people become more aware of their brainwave patterns and gain insights into their mental state by receiving this real-time feedback, making associations between brain activity and how they feel.

In addition to other benefits, this helps clients see how their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are related to the activity of their brains. The feedback loop mechanism can be especially helpful in contexts such as stress reduction, cognitive development, and mental health. Individuals can improve their mental health and self-regulation skills with the aid of this real-time feedback.

How Neurofeedback Therapy Works

To complete the initial assessment, a cap with 20 small sensors will be placed on your head. The cap is then connected to an amplifier and the amplifier connects to the therapist’s computer where the information is run through a sophisticated software program that helps convert the information into data that your therapist can read. Your brain’s electrical activity is then recorded in both eyes opened and eyes closed. (This allows for more complete information about how your brain functions.)

Your therapist then processes and analyses your information and compares it to a database of age-matched individuals. This is called a QEEG (Quantitative electroencephalograph). Using this information, along with the information you provide about your symptoms, your therapist can match the patterns of brain activity to the symptoms that you experience. This analysis is based on research in neuroscience and neurofeedback.

With this information, your therapist creates a ‘protocol.’ This means that they set up a special kind of software to encourage or discourage certain patterns of brain activity that match your symptoms, therapy goals, and the scientific literature.

When you participate in neurofeedback training, sensors are attached to your head at the locations where the training is designed to occur. The sensors allow your brainwave activity to be monitored in real time and provide feedback according to the training protocol that you and your therapist have agreed upon. Examples of feedback might be a television show fading in and out when your brain meets the pre-set targets, sounds (tones, audiobooks fading in and out), watching images of your brain function, and more.

Neurofeedback is learning-based therapy because your brain learns from the feedback it is provided. When we learn, the brain creates new connections and pathways, causing physical changes at a micro level. This means that new neurons will connect and communicate and can even result in changes in brain chemistry. (Neurons communicate by both electrical and chemical signals, so if more neurons are connected, there is a corresponding change in the chemical signals they send.) When we learn behaviour typically changes in response.

A typical appointment lasts about an hour and includes preparation time, the neurofeedback training, check-ins, tracking your goals and symptoms to be sure that you are benefiting from the therapy, and counselling or psychotherapy to support you in making healthy life changes.

Improving Brain Function through Neurofeedback Therapy

Neurofeedback therapy has shown promising results in improving brain function in various ways. Brain mapping therapy can help identify specific areas of the brain that may require attention or training. By regulating brainwave patterns and promoting neuroplasticity, neurofeedback treatment offers several potential benefits.

  • Regulation of Brainwave Patterns: Neurofeedback therapy helps individuals achieve a state of balanced brainwave activity. It can train the brain to regulate and optimize specific frequencies, such as reducing excessive activity or increasing activity in specific areas. This regulation can enhance overall brain function and cognitive abilities.
  • Promoting Neuroplasticity: The term “neuroplasticity” describes the brain’s capacity to reconfigure and create new connections. Neurofeedback therapy promotes neuroplasticity by strengthening existing neural connections and creating new, healthier ones. This enables individuals to adapt to changing circumstances, learn new skills, and enhance cognitive abilities.
  • Reducing Excessive Brain Activity: Neurofeedback treatment can be beneficial for individuals with conditions such as ADHD, anxiety, and depression. By reducing excessive brain activity associated with these conditions, neurofeedback therapy helps improve focus, attention, and emotional regulation.

Benefits of Neurofeedback Therapy

Neurofeedback therapy offers several benefits to individuals hoping to improve their brain function and overall well-being. Some of these benefits include:

  • Improved Attention and Focus: Neurofeedback therapy has been effective in improving attention and focus in individuals with ADHD or attention deficits. By training the brain to produce optimal brainwave patterns, individuals experience enhanced concentration and cognitive performance.
  • Enhanced Cognitive Abilities: Neurofeedback treatment can improve cognitive abilities, such as memory, information processing, and problem-solving skills. By optimizing brainwave patterns, individuals may experience improved cognitive functioning and mental clarity.
  • Reduced Symptoms of Mental Health Conditions: Neurofeedback therapy has shown promising results in reducing symptoms associated with mental health conditions, including anxiety and depression. By regulating brain activity, individuals may experience improved emotional well-being and a reduction in symptoms.
  • Improved Sleep Patterns and Quality: Neurofeedback therapy can help individuals with sleep disorders, such as insomnia. By training the brain to achieve optimal brainwave patterns, individuals may experience improved sleep quality, leading to better overall rest and rejuvenation.
  • Enhanced Emotional Regulation: People who receive neurofeedback therapy may find it easier to control their emotions. By promoting balanced brainwave patterns, individuals may experience improved emotional stability, stress management, and overall well-being.


Neurofeedback therapy, including brain mapping therapy, is a powerful tool for improving brain function and overall well-being. By regulating brainwave patterns, promoting neuroplasticity, and full body regulation, neurofeedback therapy offers numerous benefits, such as improved attention, enhanced cognitive abilities, reduced symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, and depression, better sleep patterns, and enhanced emotional regulation. Renew Neurotherapy, a trusted therapy clinic based in Ottawa, Pembroke, and North Bay in Ontario, offers a range of services, including neurofeedback, talk therapy, yoga-based therapy, and more, to help individuals with mental health disorders, sleep disorders, and brain injuries. Contact us today and experience the transformative effects of neurofeedback therapy at Renew Neurotherapy.

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