What Causes Depression? Exploring Symptoms and Understanding its Roots

causes and signs of depression

Have you ever experienced one of those days where everything just feels too much, whether you are at work or home? That’s a bit like how depression can affect your life. It’s more than just a bad day, though; it’s a persistent feeling that can make even the simplest tasks feel overwhelming. Understanding depression is key to recognizing how it can impact our daily lives, from the way we think and feel to how we handle our day-to-day activities.

In this blog, we will explore depression in easy-to-understand terms, helping you recognize signs of depression and understand its roots. As we know, recognizing the problem is the first step to solving it.  We will discuss what causes depression and how to spot the warning signs, offering insights into prevention and support. We will shed light on this often misunderstood condition, guiding you towards a path of awareness and healing.

What is Depression? 

Depression, often misunderstood as fleeting sadness or feeling low, is much more than that. It is a mood disorder that deeply affects how you feel, think, and engage with daily life. 

Think of it as days when even small tasks, such as cooking, going to work, etc., become overwhelming or when joy seems like a distant memory. It is important to understand that depression isn’t a sign of weakness, nor something you can just “snap out of.” 

Acknowledging and addressing these feelings is vital for mental health. With the right support and treatment, be it mental health counselling or neurofeedback, you can get control of your life back.

Spotting Depression Signs

Recognizing the signs of depression is critical for understanding and managing it. Common depression symptoms can be persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, hopelessness, and even irritability over seemingly minor issues. It can strip away the joy from activities once loved, making everything seem dull and unattractive. 

People may experience overwhelming fatigue, making even small tasks daunting. Depression also manifests in anxiety, slowed movement or speech, feelings of worthlessness, and difficulty in concentrating. In some severe cases, it might even lead to thoughts of death or suicide. Identifying such symptoms is the first step towards seeking help and finding a path to better mental health.

Depression in Kids and Teens

Depression in children and teens can often look different from adults. 

  • Younger kids might show their sadness differently, appearing irritable, overly clingy, or even complaining of physical aches. They might worry a lot, refuse to go to school, or struggle with weight issues. 
  • Teenagers, on the other hand, might grapple with feelings of worthlessness, anger, and negativity. Their school performance could drop, and they might become extra sensitive or withdraw from social interactions. Some might turn to substances, overeat, oversleep, engage in self-harm, or lose interest in activities they used to enjoy. 

Recognizing these age-specific signs becomes vital for their guardians so that they can provide timely support and understanding to young individuals facing depression.

Depression in Older Adults

Depression in older adults presents unique challenges and is often mistakenly seen as just a part of ageing. It’s important to understand that this isn’t the case. 

Older adults might not show the typical signs of depression; instead, they might experience memory issues, personality changes, unexplained physical pain, fatigue, or changes in appetite and sleep patterns. They might prefer staying in rather than socializing or trying new activities. It’s particularly concerning as depression in this age group often goes unnoticed and untreated, as older adults might be hesitant to seek help. It is important to look out for older adults and help to connect  them with  mental health counselling and support when it’s required.

When to Get Help

If you are seeing signs of depression, it’s important to reach out for professional help. Think of it like seeking an expert when a crucial project at work hits a block. You don’t have to navigate these feelings alone. 

Making an appointment with your therapist or a mental health professional is a courageous first step. If you’re hesitant,  you can confide in a trusted friend, family member, or healthcare provider.  Remember, seeking assistance is a sign of strength, not weakness, and it’s a critical step toward regaining your well-being and happiness.

Emergency Situations

In mental health emergencies, immediate action can be critical. If you or someone you know is in such a situation, don’t hesitate to seek help. 
  • Contact your doctor, mental health professional, psychologist near you or a suicide hotline. 
  • In Canada, you can call 911 or reach the 988 suicide crisis helpline by call or text.
Remember, reaching out is a brave and necessary step towards safety and care. You’re not alone; there are many ready to support you.


The causes of depression aren’t entirely clear, but there are a few things that can impact the mental health of a person: 
  • Some people with depression have noticeable physical changes in their brains. The full importance of these changes is still being researched.
  • Neurotransmitters, the brain’s natural chemicals, are believed to play a significant role in depression. Changes in how these neurotransmitters function and interact can affect mood stability. 
  • Hormonal imbalances can trigger or contribute to depression. This includes changes during pregnancy, postpartum, after a concussion or brain injury, thyroid problems, menopause, and other conditions.
  • There’s a higher occurrence of depression in people with family members who also have the condition, suggesting a genetic link.

Knowing Risk Factors

Understanding the risk factors for depression is key to prevention and early intervention. It can start at any age, often in the teens or early adulthood. Risk factors include:
  • Certain personality traits like low self-esteem, a history of traumatic or stressful events, and a family background of depression or other mental disorders. 
  • Those facing challenges related to their sexual or gender identity, especially in unsupportive environments, may also be at higher risk. 
  • Other factors include substance abuse, chronic illnesses, and even certain medications. 
Recognizing these risks can help in seeking timely support and care.

Possible Complications 

If depression goes untreated, it can turn into major depression disorder, leading to a cascade of complications, such as:
  • Weight gain or obesity, increasing risks of heart disease and diabetes.
  • Chronic pain or physical illness.
  • Alcohol or drug addiction.
  • Development of anxiety, panic disorders, or social phobia.
  • Strained family relationships, difficulties in personal relationships, and challenges at work or school.
  • Social withdrawal and isolation.
  • Increased risk of suicidal thoughts, attempts, or suicide.
  • Self-harming behaviours like cutting.
  • Higher likelihood of early death due to medical conditions.

Prevention Tips

Managing depression involves proactive steps towards nurturing your mental well-being. 
  • Take actions to reduce stress, build resilience, and raise your self-esteem.
  • Reach out to family and friends for support, especially during times of difficulty.
  • To prevent depression from increasing, seek treatment as soon as you see a problem.
  • Consider obtaining long-term maintenance treatment to help prevent symptoms from returning.
Remember, seeking help at the first sign of trouble is key to preventing depression from deepening. If you’re looking for ongoing support, consider reaching out to Renew Neurotherapy for guidance.
For more resources and support, visit our website, where you can find the help you need to maintain your mental health and prevent relapse. 
Your journey to wellness is important, and at Renew Neurotherapy, we are here to support you on each step you take.

We’re Here to Help

Get in touch with us today so we can discuss how we can help you.

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