Mindfulness meditation is characterized by an open presence and a non-judgmental awareness of sensory, cognitive, and affective experiences as they arise in the present moment.
The research studies examining EEG activity during Mindfulness meditation practice consistently report increases in frontal theta power and communication.
Theta is a slow brainwave and may serve as a counter-balance to the typical fast brainwave activity observed in those experiencing chronic stress or anxiety.
Previous research has established that people demonstrating greater theta activity tend to have lower anxiety. Increased frontal theta during meditation has also been associated with decreases in anxiety levels. A comparison study, examining the EEG signatures of a Concentration (Focus) meditation versus a Mindfulness meditation found that the Mindfulness practice was associated with higher levels of frontal theta.
This suggests that Mindfulness strategies would be an ideal match for those struggling with anxiety and/or chronic stress.
This information was adapted from the article An Introduction to Neuromeditation published in The Wise Brain Bulletin (Volume 11.6, 2017) with permission from Dr. Jeff Tarrant. For more information on Dr. Tarrant’s work, please visit www.NeuroMeditationInstitute.com or purchase his book, Meditation Interventions to Rewire the Brain: Integrating Neuroscience Strategies for ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, & PTSD.